Maritime Labour Convention 2006
An introductory video from the International Labour Convention on MLC 2006 (hosted on YouTube)
Why MLC 2006 matters
As an international legal instrument MLC 2006 does not apply directly to shipowners but, like all international law, relies on implementation by countries through their national laws or other measures. It is the national law or other measures would then apply to shipowners, seafarers and ships. The MLC, 2006 sets out the minimum standards that must be implemented by all countries that ratify it.
All merchant ships of 500 gross tons or over flagged to a ratifying state and, engaged in international voyages will need to show compliance by carrying a Maritime Labour Certificate and Declaration of Maritime Labour Compliance.
Ratifying states will also be required to incorporate MLC compliance as part of their Port State control. Every foreign ship calling, in the normal course of its business or for operational reasons, in the port of an ILO Member may be inspected to review compliance with the Convention in respect of the working and living conditions of seafarers on the ship
Implementation resources for ratifying States
The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (MLC, 2006) is a comprehensive international labour convention adopted by the International Labour Conference of the International Labour Organization (ILO), in February 2006.
It sets out seafarers' rights to decent conditions of work and helps to create conditions of fair competition for shipowners. The Convention “consolidates” and revises the existing international law on all these matters. It brings all, except four, of the existing maritime labour instruments (International Labour Standards (ILS)) together in a single Convention using a new format to reflect modern conditions and language. MLC 2006 is intended to be globally applicable, easily understandable, readily updatable and uniformly enforced.
MLC 2006 comes into force in August 2013, twelve months after the threshold of 30 member state ratifications with a total share in the world gross tonnage of ships of 33% was achieved. Currently, ratifying states account for approximately 60 per cent of world merchant shipping tonnage.
The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (MLC, 2006) has been designed to become a global legal instrument that will be the “fourth pillar” of the international regulatory regime for quality shipping, complementing the key Conventions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) such as the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended (SOLAS), the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping, 1978, as amended (STCW) and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 73/78 (MARPOL).
Loss prevention resources
In addition to the advisory resources found in this section, the loss prevention department has two valuable compliance tools.
The International Labour Organisation (ILO) website provides a specialist section in support of the Maritime Labour Convention 2006. Whilst much of the information is in support of the authorities implementing MLC it is a useful source of guidelines and original texts.
The MLC text is available on the ILO website in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, German, Portuguese and Russian
These FAQs relate primarily to the implementation of MLC in states' national laws