A significant proportion of the expertise in the Managers’ offices around the world consists of lawyers who can advise Members on general P&I related legal, contractual and documentary issues.
The legal and environmental groups participate in a virtual team, writing on topical and relevant legal issues under the leadership of our Legal Director, Chao Wu.
This team also produces legal briefings on topical issues to share the legal expertise within the Club with our Members. Previous copies of legal briefings can be found here.
After completing her master and Ph.D in law in Paris University (Sorbonne), Dr WU Chao joined Thomas Miller P&I Ltd (UK P&I Club) in 1994. Holding the position of Legal Director, she is responsible for the Club's general legal advice, legal aspects of cover for Members' contractual arrangements, the legal aspects of P&I Club documentation, and the Rules and Bye-Laws of the Club, as well as the Pooling Agreement and the legal aspects of the Club’s reinsurance contracts.
Chao has been a member of the Senior Management Team since 2003 and represents the UK Club on various subcommittees and working groups of the International Group, including those on Pooling Agreement, Pollution, P&I War Risks, Confirmation of Entry, IOPC Fund and Pro-rating, and others. Chao has chaired the IG Pooling Agreement Subcommittee since 2009, and the Co-Assured subcommittee since 2017.
Chao has been a frequent speaker at conferences and seminars worldwide over the past 22 years, and is the author of many publications, including two books for which she was awarded prizes by the British Insurance Law Association, UK and by the Institut Economique du Droit de la Mer, Monaco. She is also a recognized authority on international marine pollution liability law, and formerly worked for Thomas Miller (Americas), where she also became an authority on US environmental law.
Helen joined Thomas Miller in April 2005 from a Hong Kong shipping company. She worked for a P&I correspondent in North America and an insurance company in China before relocating to Hong Kong. Helen is a graduate of Dalian Maritime University, and has an LLM from Southampton University.
Jacqueline is a qualified barrister and solicitor handling FDD and P&I cases for many years. She is Legal Services Manager at Thomas Miller, editor of the Club’s legal publications and also a member of Thomas Miller’s Legal and Environmental Team. Jacqueline speaks Malay, French and Hokkien.