A significant proportion of the expertise in the Managers’ offices around the world resides in our lawyers who advise Members on P&I related legal and contractual issues. The legal department consists of Dr Chao Wu, Jacqueline Tan, Ioana Gonciari, supported by a virtual team of 20 contract reviewers, the majority of whom are experienced shipping lawyers.
The Legal Department's main responsibilities consist of:
Dr WU Chao has a Ph.D in law from Paris University (Sorbonne). As Legal director for Thomas Miller P&I Ltd (UK P&I Club), she is responsible for giving general legal advice, legal aspects of cover for Members' contractual arrangements, the legal aspects of P&I Club documentation, and the Rules and Bye-Laws of the Club, as well as the legal aspects of the Pooling Agreement and of Club’s reinsurance contracts.
Chao is part of the Senior Management Team and represents the UK Club on various subcommittees and working groups of the International Group, including those on Pooling Agreement, Pollution, P&I War Risks, Confirmation of Entry, IOPC Fund and Pro-rating, and others. Chao has been the chairperson of the IG Pooling Agreement Subcommittee since 2009.
Chao has been a frequent speaker at conferences and seminars worldwide over the past 22 years, and is the author of many publications, including two books for which she was awarded prizes by the British Insurance Law Association, UK and by the Institut Economique du Droit de la Mer, Monaco. She is also a recognized authority on international marine environmental law, and formerly worked for Thomas Miller (Americas), where she also became an authority on US environmental law.
Jacqueline is a qualified barrister and solicitor handling FDD and P&I cases for many years. She is Legal Services Manager at Thomas Miller, editor of the Club’s legal publications and also a member of Thomas Miller’s Legal and Environmental Team. Jacqueline speaks Malay, French and Hokkien.
Ioana joined Thomas Miller in 2009 after spending four years working in another International Group P&I Club, where she handled P&I and Defence claims mainly for Greek shipowners. She is dual-qualified as a lawyer in both England & Wales and Romania and holds Master's degrees in Maritime Law from Southampton University and European Law from Paris. Ioana is fluent in French and Romanian.
Adam is a qualified as a solicitor. After working for another P&I Club, Adam headed the legal and insurance department of a leading ship operating company for 7 years before joining Thomas Miller.
Nick is a Senior Claims Executive in Syndicate EMEA 2, which is responsible for providing P&I and Defence claims and advisory services from London to Members based in Southern Europe, the Middle East and the UK .
Nick was called to the Bar in 1994. After a short period of practice in a Common Law set he joined Thomas Miller in Piraeus in 1999 having previously worked in a local bulk ship operating company and the Greek office of a well-known marine litigation firm. He handled P&I and Defence matters for the Greek and Cypriot membership and became the Deputy Syndicate Manager of the Piraeus office in September 2014. He transferred to London in June 2015. Nick is fluent in English and Greek and has conversational French.
Richard joined Thomas Miller in 1997 and has a wealth of experience in handling a wide variety of P&I and FDD claims across all sectors of the shipping industry. Richard has assisted the majority of the Members across the European region in his time with Thomas Miller, but now predominantly focuses on those based in Northern Europe.
Helena qualified as a solicitor with a leading London maritime firm in 1999 and spent two years working as a UK qualified solicitor in Sydney, Australia before returning to private practice in London. Helena moved in-house to another IG P&I Club in 2004 where she dealt with a wide range of FD&D and P&I claims before joining Thomas Miller in 2018.
Karolina joined the UK Club in January 2017. She handles P&I and FD&D claims for Syndicate EMEA 2. She is a qualified English solicitor and Merchant Navy Deck Officer of the Watch Unlimited. She served as a Deck Cadet on variety of cargo and passenger ships worldwide. She speaks fluent Polish and basic German.
Masaaki Hishiki joined UK Club’s Japan Branch in October 2017, having completed 9 years in the service of the Club’s correspondents, ISS P&I Japan. Before joining ISS, he worked in South Korea for cargo export business. He speaks Japanese and Korean.
Aki joined Thomas Miller in 2004. She was on secondment to the New Jersey office and the Tokyo office before moving back to London in 2013. She is a qualified solicitor having worked for a major maritime law firm in London and is responsible for the handling of claims for Japanese Members. Aki speaks Japanese and is a director of Thomas Miller.
Philippa joined Thomas Miller in 2014. She previously practised as a solicitor for 8 years at an international shipping law firm based in London. Prior to becoming a lawyer, she studied Mandarin at undergraduate degree level and she has also spent 3 years working as a solicitor in Shanghai.
Felix spent ten years handling claims for shipowners, a charterer and a freight forwarder in Hong Kong before joining Thomas Miller. He holds a degree and a diploma in transport management, and is a member of the Chartered Institute of Transport.
Amy Lovseth joined Thomas Miller (Americas) as a claims executive in June 2004 after completing a LL.M. in Maritime Law from the University of Oslo in Norway. While in Norway, Amy worked as a trainee at Wiikborg Rein and in the law department at Norsk Hydro.
Amy was made Vice president in 2010 and handles claims for both the UK P&I Club and the UK Defence Club. She joined LS2 from New Jersey and has recently reloacted to our Hong Kong office.
YS joined Thomas Miller from Spica Services, the Club's Singapore claims correspondents. Before joining Spica in 1990 he was a deck officer, followed by five years with the Port of Singapore Authority as a Port Safety Inspector.
Susan Lee is a Claims Executive for P&I and FD&D. Susan is an attorney and came to TMA from a New York maritime law firm. She handles cargo claims, arbitrations and charter party disputes.
Jennifer Porter recently joined Thomas Miller Americas’ San Francisco office and is a member of our BI Team. Jennifer is originally from California and sailed competitively for Stanford University during her college years. She then earned her law degree at University of San Francisco Law School where she was an editor for the Maritime Law Journal. Prior to joining Thomas Miller, she was a partner at a West Coast maritime defense firm, where she specialized in longshore and crew bodily injury matters.
Alexandra joined Thomas Miller in 1994. She is a qualiﬁed Greek and English solicitor. She joined TM(H) in 1998 and handles all types of P&I claims and FD&D disputes. Alexandra is a Senior Claims Director for Thomas Miller Defence and P&I.
Eva joined TM(H) in February 2016 prior to which she gained 14 years of working experience in ship owning and ship management companies based in Greece. She has a BSc(Hons) in Shipping, an MBA and MSc in International Banking and Finance, as well as a LLM in Maritime Law . In her present role in Syndicate H1, she handles people related claims.
Christos joined TM(H) in February, 2015 prior to which time he was with a ship management company based in Greece. Christos is a qualiﬁed lawyer both in England and in Greece. He handles all types of P&I claims and FD&D disputes.