A significant proportion of the expertise in the Managers’ offices around the world consists of lawyers who can advise Members on general P&I related legal, contractual and documentary issues.
The legal and environmental groups participate in a virtual team, writing on topical and relevant legal issues under the leadership of our Legal Director, Chao Wu.
This team also produces legal briefings on topical issues to share the legal expertise within the Club with our Members. Previous copies of legal briefings can be found here.
Dr WU Chao has a Ph.D in law from Paris University (Sorbonne). As Legal director for Thomas Miller P&I Ltd (UK P&I Club), she is responsible for giving general legal advice, legal aspects of cover for Members' contractual arrangements, the legal aspects of P&I Club documentation, and the Rules and Bye-Laws of the Club, as well as the legal aspects of the Pooling Agreement and of Club’s reinsurance contracts.
Chao is part of the Senior Management Team and represents the UK Club on various subcommittees and working groups of the International Group, including those on Pooling Agreement, Pollution, P&I War Risks, Confirmation of Entry, IOPC Fund and Pro-rating, and others. Chao has been the chairperson of the IG Pooling Agreement Subcommittee since 2009.
Chao has been a frequent speaker at conferences and seminars worldwide over the past 22 years, and is the author of many publications, including two books for which she was awarded prizes by the British Insurance Law Association, UK and by the Institut Economique du Droit de la Mer, Monaco. She is also a recognized authority on international marine environmental law, and formerly worked for Thomas Miller (Americas), where she also became an authority on US environmental law.
Ioana joined Thomas Miller in 2009 after spending four years working in another International Group P&I Club, where she handled P&I and Defence claims mainly for Greek shipowners. She is dual-qualified as a lawyer in both England & Wales and Romania and holds Master's degrees in Maritime Law from Southampton University and European Law from Paris. Ioana is fluent in French and Romanian.
Helen joined Thomas Miller in April 2005 from a Hong Kong shipping company. She worked for a P&I correspondent in North America and an insurance company in China before relocating to Hong Kong. Helen is a graduate of Dalian Maritime University, and has an LLM from Southampton University.
Jacqueline is a qualified barrister and solicitor and handles FDD and P&I cases, as well as editor of the Club’s legal publications. She is a Director of Claims at Thomas Miller and also a member of the Club’s Legal and Environmental Teams. Jacqueline speaks Malay, French and Hokkien.