14/13 - 米国における油濁事故対応計画書(VRP) 海難救助・海上消火活動に関する9月30日付け最終規則の要求事項 - 対応期限 - 2014年1月30日

アウトライン

  • タンカー以外の船舶(Non-Tank vessels)で、2,500バレル以上の油を積載可能な船舶の所有者は、救助業者及び海上消火資材提供業者と資金協定を締結しなければなりません。
  • タンカー以外の船舶で、250バレル以上2,500バレル未満の油を積載可能な船舶の所有者は、そのVRPに海上消火資材提供業者を明記することのみが求められます。
  • 救助業者と資金協定を締結しているタンカー所有者は、新たに改訂版をそのVRPに盛り込む必要があります。
  • Annex 1は、米国VRPに入れるべき救助業者との契約に関する国際グループのガイドラインです。
  • Annex 2は、船主が協定締結時に、確認を求められる救助・消火活動の適切性の基準を掲載しています。
  • 本クラブ回覧は、12/13を参照しています。
  • 油濁清掃業者(OSROs)との事前契約に関する要求事項については、別途クラブ回覧を発行します。

組合員各位

米国における油濁事故対応計画書(VRP)

海難救助・海上消火活動に関する9月30日付け最終規則の要求事項 - 対応期限 - 2014年1月30日

本クラブ回覧は、米国に寄港するタンカー及びタンカー以外の船舶所有者に適用されるものです。

救助業者との契約

前回発行したクラブ回覧12/13では、タンカー以外の船舶所有者は、2014年1月30日までにコースト・ガードへ油濁事故対応計画書(VRPs)を提出することが求められるとお伝えしました。この計画書には、タンカー以外の船主が、全権責任者(QI) 、油濁清掃業者(OSROs)、分散剤散布業者、救助業者と事前契約を締結することが求められています。

油濁清掃業者との事前契約に関する要求事項については、来月上旬に、別途クラブ回覧にてお知らせいたします。タンカー以外の船主に関する米国の最終規則が公布されたことにより、多くのクラブが、主な分散剤散布業者でもある大手油濁清掃業者との現行契約を見直さざるを得なくなりました。そのためクラブが現行契約を継続するということを前提に、当座はこれら油濁清掃業者との契約を締結しないようお願いします。

タンカー以外の船舶 - 救助業者との資金協定

タンカー以外の船舶で、2,500バレル以上の燃料油及び貨物油を積載可能な船舶の所有者は、救助業者及び海上消火資材提供業者と資金協定を締結しなければなりません。この要求事項はタンカー船主に対するものとほぼ同じです。そのため当該メンバーは、タンカー船主に対する要求事項を記載したクラブ回覧12/10をご参照ください。救助業者5社の資金協定については見直しを行い、国際グループのサルベージ・ガイドラインに沿っていることを確認しています。これら業者の協定書は、Versionを明記し下記に記載しています。国際グループのガイドラインは、参考までにAnnex1に添付しています。

  • Donjon-Smit - (Tanker and Non-Tank) Version A - October 4, 2013
  • Marine Response Alliance LLV - Version 16 October 2013
  • Resolve Salvage & Fire (Americas) Inc - Version 3 - 1 October 2013
  • Svitzer - USA Companies Version October 1, 2013
  • Svitzer - INTL Companies Version October 1, 2013
  • T&T Salvage LLC - USA Owner (Tanker and Nontank) Version - 4 October 2013
  • T&T Salvage LLC - Non-US Owner (Tanker and Nontank) Version - 4 October 2013

タンカー以外の船舶で、250バレル以上2,500バレル未満の燃料油及び貨物油を積載可能な船舶の所有者は、そのVRPに海上消火資材提供業者を明記し、救助業者と資金協定を締結することなく計画書に救助業者名を記載することについて救助業者の同意を得ることが求められます。下記の同意書は見直しを行い、国際グループのサルベージ・ガイドラインに沿っていることを確認しています。

  • Donjon-Smit - Consent Agreement for Vessel Response Plans - October 4, 2013
  • Marine Response Alliance LLV - MPA OPA 90 & CA Certificate of Coverage Version 2013
  • Resolve Salvage & Fire (Americas) Inc - RMG OPA 90 Certificate of Coverage 01 October 2013
  • Svitzer Written Consent - Version Oct 2013
  • T&T Salvage, LLC OPA 90 Written Consent - 4 October 2013

油濁清掃業者がコースト・ガードによって分類されるのとは違い、救助業者や消火資材提供業者が15の基準を満たせるかを確認し証明するのは、船主あるいはオペレータの責任となります。この基準はAnnex 2に記載しています。タンカー以外の船舶が救助及び海上消火作業の要求事項を実施するにあたり、コースト・ガードは「よくある質問(FAQs)」を見直し、約2週間後に発表すると思われます。なお、下記リンク先に掲載のタンカー向けFAQsは参考となるかもしれません。 www.uscg.mil/vrp

タンカーの救助業者との資金協定

タンカー以外の船主に対する救助業者及び海上消火資材提供業者との資金協定が求められることとなった結果、救助業者は上記掲載の資金協定書を、タンカー及びタンカー以外の船舶の両方を対象とするため改定しました。今後、タンカー船主がこれら救助業者と資金協定を締結する場合は、改定版を使用することになります。

しかしタンカー船主は、現行の資金協定を改定版に締結し直す必要はありません。

メンバーの皆さまは、個別の契約や資金協定の選択について船舶保険者にご相談いただき、当該船舶が寄港する米国のすべての地域で、その救助業者が前述の15基準を満たす資材提供ができるかどうかを確認していただくようお願いします。また、救助業者との資金協定に関する国際グループのサルベージ・ガイドラインに適合していることは、料金の妥当性を示すものではないことをご承知おきください。国際グループでは、料金について検証しておりません。料金については船舶保険者とご相談ください。

国際グループの全てのクラブは同様のクラブ回覧を発行しています。

ANNEX 1

INTERNATIONAL GROUP GUIDELINES FOR INSERTION OF SALVOR CONTRACTS IN US VRPS (NOT WRECK REMOVAL)

1. Owner’s Representative

The Owner shall have a right to appoint a representative to attend the salvage operation. This representative should be consulted where possible by the salvage master over the conduct of operations and should also sight time records on a daily basis. If there is disagreement over a particular action or charge, the owner’s representative should issue a note of protest in order to preserve the record in case of future disputes.

2. Control

Whilst it is recognised that during a salvage operation, the salvage master will have overall control, the agreement should contain a provision requiring the salvors to consult owner or owner’s representative during the operation. Similarly owner’s representative should be permitted to offer advice to the salvage master/contractor’s representative.

3. Funding

The Association will not provide advance funding guarantees.

If SCOPIC is applicable, then SCOPIC terms unamended. If the funding agreement is a simple time and materials this would be a matter for discussion with property underwriters, since P&I cover would not apply. The Owner may want to take the following into consideration:

(i)

A fixed limit.

(ii)

A fixed time limit for the services, i.e. the letter would guarantee expenses incurred in providing response services up to a fixed period of time as appropriate (e.g. seven days from the incident date) subject to extension by written agreement of the guarantor

(iii)

A haul-off clause which provides for the guarantor’s liability to be terminated upon 24 hours’ notice.

4. Salvage remuneration

It should be made clear that the contractor and any sub-contractors are not entitled to salvage remuneration over and above that allowed for in the contract and that in the event that the shipowner becomes liable for such remuneration, the contractor will immediately indemnify them.

5. Indemnity

The clauses should be even-handed as regards the liabilities of the shipowner and the contractor and should be based on simple negligence rather than gross negligence. Thus the contractor should be liable for the negligent acts of himself and his employees, etc. and the shipowner should be liable for the negligent acts of the shipowner and his employees, etc. and losses which would not have arisen but for the nature of the spill.

6. Warranties

Agreement should contain warranties that the services and equipment are adequate/fit for the purpose for which it is hired; when contracting for services in the United States of America, the salvor fulfils the 15 criteria set out in 33 CFR 155.4050.

7. Insurance

Care should be taken to ensure that the contractor maintains insurance to respond to his liabilities for the services which he intends to provide.

8. Law and jurisdiction

England. In certain circumstances another jurisdiction may be appropriate.

9. Disputed invoices

If the contractor inserts payment time limits in his contract, then a provision should be inserted that payment of 80 per cent is made within a certain time limit (approximately 30 days) and the balance when the dispute is settled.


10. Interest

If interest is charged on outstanding balances it is recommended that it is one or two percent above normal commercially available Bank lending rates.

11. Confidentiality

Some contracts contain a confidentiality provision. Any provision inserted should at least ensure that an owner can discuss the contract with his P&I insurer.

ANNEX 2

33 CFR part 155.4050 - Ensuring that the salvors and marine fire fighters are adequate. 

15 criteria

a) You (plan holder) are responsible for determining the adequacy of the resource providers you intend to include in your plan.

b) When determining adequacy of the resource provider, you must select a resource provider that meets the following selection criteria to the maximum extent possible:

 1) Resource provider is currently working in response service needed.

 2) Resource provider has documented history of participation in successful salvage and/or marine firefighting operations, including equipment deployment.

 3) Resource provider owns or has contracts for equipment needed to perform response services.

 4) Resource provider has personnel with documented training certification and degree experience (Naval Architecture, Fire Science, etc).

 5) Resource provider has 24-hour availability of personnel and equipment, and history of response times compatible with the time requirements in the regulation.

 6) Resource provider has on-going continuous training program. For marine firefighting providers, they meet the training guidelines in NFPA 1001, 1005, 1021, 1405, and 1561 (Incorporation by reference, see § 155.140), show equivalent training, or demonstrate qualification through experience.

 7) Resource provider has successful record of participation in drills and exercises.

 8) Resource provider has salvage or marine firefighting plans used and approved during real incidents.

 9) Resource provider has membership in relevant national and/or international organisations.

 10) Resource provider has insurance that covers the salvage and/or marine firefighting services which they intend to provide.

 11) Resource provider has sufficient up front capital to support an operation.

 12) Resource provider has equipment and experience to work in the specific regional geographic environment(s) that the vessel operates in (e.g. bottom type, water turbidity, water depth, sea state and temperature extremes).

 13) Resource provider has the logistical and transportation support capability required to sustain operations for extended periods of time in arduous sea states and conditions.

 14) Resource provider has the capability to implement the necessary engineering, administrative, and personal protective equipment controls to safeguard the health and safety of their workers when providing salvage and marine firefighting services.

 15) Resource provider has familiarity with the salvage and marine firefighting protocol contained in the local ACPs for each COTP area for which they are contracted.

c) A resource provider need not meet all of the selection criteria in order for you to choose them as a provider. The must, however, be selected on the basis of meeting the criteria to the maximum extent possible.

d) You must certify in your plan that these factors were considered when you chose your resource provider.

External firefighting teams means trained firefighting personnel, aside from the crew, with the capability of boarding and combating a fire on a vessel.

External vessel firefighting systems mean firefighting resources (personnel and equipment) that are capable of combating a fire from other than on board the vessel. These resources include, but are not limited to, fire tugs, portable fire pumps, airplanes, helicopters, or shore side fire trucks.

Resource provider means an entity that provides personnel, equipment, supplies and other capabilities necessary to perform salvage and/or marine firefighting services identified in the response plan, and has been arranged by contract or other approved means. The resource provider must be selected in accordance with § 155.4050. For marine firefighting services, resource providers can include public firefighting resources as long as they are able, in accordance with the requirements of § 155.4045(d), and willing to provide the services needed.

Annex 2.1 CONTRACTS AND FUNDING AGREEMENTS

SMFF Regulation: Frequently Asked Questions

Extract:


4. Can we use a Lloyd’s Open Form in Lieu of a funding agreement ?

A Lloyd’s Standard Form of Salvage Agreement (LOF) alone does not meet the funding agreement definition because it does not contain agreed upon rates for specific equipment and services. The regulatory intent is to prevent any delay in response due to price or other contractual negotiations.

The Coast Guard is willing to consider the LOF in lieu of a funding agreement under the following conditions:

1) The LOF is submitted with and identified in the entire agreement between the primary resource provider and the vessel owner or operator; and

2) The LOF is signed by both the primary resource provider and the vessel owner or operator at the time it is submitted with the contract or other approved means to the Coast Guard.

3) If the LOF is submitted as outlined above, the Coast Guard believes that the regulatory intent of preventing any delay in response due to contractual negotiations will be met and we should consider the submission as an acceptable alternative under the contract or other approved means definition contained in 33 CFR 155.4025.

5. What about using other standard salvage contracting forms ?

The Coast Guard may consider other types of standard salvage contracting forms as an acceptable alternative under the contract or other approved means definition in lieu of a funding agreement if such forms are submitted in a manner similar to that which is described above for the LOF.

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