Slovenia as a civil law country does not have different time bars for claims that arise from contract or tort. General rules regarding the time bars are a part of Obligation Code (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia No. 83/2001, 32/2004, 28/2006 - decision. US, 40/2007) in a Section 4 Statute-barring, i.e. from Article 335 to Article 370.
There are General provisions (general rule, when statute-barring period begins, occurrence of statute-barring counting of predecessors’ time, prohibition on change in statute-barring period waiver of statute-barring, written acknowledgement and securing of statute-barred obligation, effect of performance of statute-barred obligation, creditor whose claim is secured, accessory claims, when rules on statute-barring do not apply), Period Required for Statute-Barring (general statute-barring period, periodic claims, statute-barring of actual right claims from commercial contracts, claims for issue of document, claims for rent compensation claims, compensation claims for damage inflicted by criminal offence, compensation claims for reason of corruption, one-year statute-barring period, claims determined before court or other relevant authority, statute-barring periods for insurance contracts), Suspension of Statute-Barring (claims between specific persons, claims by specific persons, insurmountable obstacles, influence of grounds for suspension on statute-barring period, claims by persons with incapacity to contract, statute-barring of claims by persons engaged in military service), Discontinuance of Statute-Barring (acknowledgement of debt, filing of suit, withdrawn/dismissed or refused suit, suit dismissed owing to lack of jurisdiction).
General Time Bars
|Nature of Claim||Time Bar|
|General statute-barring period||Five years, unless a different period is stipulated by the statute of limitations|
|Claims for periodic charges that fall due annually or at specific shorter time intervals (periodic claims)||Three years after each individual charge falls due, whether they are accessory periodic claims, such as interest claims, or such periodic claims by which a right itself is drawn upon, such as maintenance claims|
|Claims from commercial contracts||After three years|
|Claims for issue of document||After ten years|
|Claims for rent||After three years|
|Compensation claims||Three years after the injured party learnt of the damage and of the person that inflicted it|
|Compensation claims for damage inflicted by criminal offence||When the period stipulated for the statute-barring of criminal prosecution expires|
|Compensation claims for reason of corruption||Five years after the injured party learnt of the damage and of the person that inflicted it; in any case it shall become statute-barred fifteen years after the act was committed|
|One-year statute-barring period||Claims for supplied electricity, thermal energy, gas, and water, for chimney-sweeping, services and for municipal cleaning services, if the supply or service was carried out for the needs of a household (and similar claims)|
|Claims determined before court or other relevant authority||After ten years|
|Statute-barring periods for insurance contracts||A life assurance contract shall become statute-barred after five years, and claims from other insurance contracts shall become statute-barred after three years, counted from the first day after the end of the calendar year in which the claim originated|
Obligation Code contains provisions regarding a transport contract as well. This is a general transport contract and it is not used for a specific mode of transport. It is used as a supplement, if a special act does not address certain specific issues. These special acts are the one covering maritime transport (Maritime Code), air transport (Obligations and Property Rights in Aviation Act), railway transport (Contracts of Carriage in Railway Transport Act) and road transport (Contracts of Carriage in Road Transport Act). They are lex specialis in relation to Obligation Code (lex generalis). The general transport contract in Obligation Code does not regulate time bars. General rules from Obligations Code applies.
Maritime Code contains provisions on time bars in Chapter 4. Statute of limitations, Article 658.
Maritime Code provides only the period and the beginning of a period of time bars. All other provisions regarding time bar are as lex generali contained in Obligation Code. The statute of limitations on claims arising from contracts for the exploitation of ships (bareboat, by demise, time and voyage charter, contracts of carriage of goods/bill of lading) shall be one year, with the exception of claims arising from contracts on the carriage of passengers and luggage. The statute of limitations on claims arising from a contract of passage shall be two years. After a claim has arisen, the parties may agree in writing to a statute of limitation that is longer than the period mentioned in Maritime Code (this agreement should be drawn up in written form or shall have no legal effect).
The statute of limitations shall begin as follows: