On June 16, 2017 President Trump issued a Presidential Memorandum on Strengthening the Policy of the United States Toward Cuba. In a speech on that date to Cuban-Americans in Miami, President Trump stated that he was immediately cancelling the Obama Administration's "one-sided deal with Cuba". The question is whether this new policy will impact international shipping.
The Prior Administration's Policy
On December 2014 President Obama announced an intention to normalise U.S. relations with Cuba. President Obama did not have the authority to end the U.S. trade embargo with Cuba, which generally prohibits U.S. persons from transacting business with Cuba, because that embargo is contained in an Act of Congress. What the President did do, by means of amending the Cuban Asset Control Regulations ("CACR"), was, among other things, relax travel restrictions on U.S. businesses to establish a presence in Cuba.
For the international shipping community, the significant impact of the Obama policy was the creation of an exception to the so-called 180 Day Rule. The CACR in 31 CFR 515.207 provide that no vessel, U.S. or foreign, which has called at a Cuban port to engage in the trade of goods can thereafter enter a U.S. port to load or unload cargo for a period of 180 days. In October 2016 the CACR were amended to create an exception to the 180 Day Rule for foreign vessels. Under the exception, a foreign vessel is exempt from the 180 Day Rule if it carries to Cuba from a third country only goods which, were they subject to the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, would be classified EAR99 or would be on the Commerce Control List only for anti-terrorism reasons. This amendment permits foreign vessels to carry a fairly wide range of cargoes to Cuba and then proceed directly to the U.S.
President Trump's Policy Toward Cuba
The Presidential Memorandum speaks in policy terms, not in specifics, and there is no mention of the 180 Day Rule. The principal policies set forth in the Memorandum are to maintain the U.S citizens and to end economic practices that disproportionately benefit the Cuban people. In particular, it appears that there will be efforts to limit commerce with the commercial arm of the Cuban military, Grupa de Administracion Empresarial S.A. ("GAESA"). The Memorandum directs the Department of Treasury and Commerce to begin work within 30 days drafting regulations to implement the new policies.
A Fact Sheet issued by the White House on June 16, 2017 states that the policy changes announced in the Memorandum will not take effect until new regulations have been finalised, which may take several months.
The changes in the U.S. policy toward Cuba announced by President Trump on June 16,2017, will not take effect until the new regulations have been finalised by the Departments of Treasury and Commerce. At this point there is no way to know if the October 2016 amendment of the 180 Day Rule will be affected. e will continue to closely monitor developments.