Shifting Sands - Illegal Sand Sales
Companies are taking advantage of sand dredging privileges authorised by the Vietnamese Government. At the end of 2009 the Vietnamese Government banned sand exports. In 2013 those regulations were loosened. The Government listed several enterprises allowed to export saline sand from river mouths and the sea, under certain conditions
Spica Services have released a circular with guidance on possible issues that Members may face when loading sand at Vietnamese ports, which can be read here.