Additional Oil Spill Response Organisation insurance can be provided for contracts where the liability regime is more onerous than permitted under International Group guidelines, as well as pollution general average cover for charterparties such as in the Exxonvoy 90, where preventive pollution costs cannot be passed on to charterers or cargo owners and so remain your responsibility.
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QCR Autumn 2021: "KAIJIHO KENKYU KAISHI" - Tokyo District Court Judgment: 2018 (Wa) No. 26723 and No. 28332 Maritime Law Review1 (The Japan Shipping Exchange, Inc.) 2021.5 (No.251) P71-P80
QCR Autumn 2021: Cargo owners' obligations to set the temperature of a refrigerated container and to take delivery of a damaged cargo under the bill of lading terms.