United States Charts New Course on Cuba
In mid December 2014, US President Obama announced changes in the embargo in place against Cuba since 1963. The goals of the changes are to improve human rights conditions and democratic reforms in Cuba as well as fostering improved conditions for the Cuban people. Issues of mutual concern such as migration, counter narcotic, environmental protection and human trafficking will be discussed.
The changes to the US Departments of Treasury and Commerce regulations do not completely eliminate the embargo against Cuba. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction are prohibited from doing business or investing in Cuba unless licensed by OFAC The changes will ease three main restrictions on:Travel:
for authorized persons in one of 12 categories including official business of US and Foreign Governments; certain intergovernmental organizations; support for the Cuban people; humanitarian projects; and certain export transactions that maybe considered for authorization under existing regulations and guidelines.Finance:
Allows US financial institutions to open correspondent accounts at Cuban financial institutions; donations for humanitarian projects and development of private businesses in Cuba in addition to raising limits of funds remitted by US citizens to Cuban citizens.Telecommunications:
allowing providers to establish infrastructure in Cuba to provide commercial telecommunications and internet services to improve communications between the US and Cuba.Shipping Activities
The changes will authorize expansion of commercial sales/exports from the U.S. to foster the growth of a Cuban private sector and allow access to certain lower priced goods. Authorized exports include building materials for private residential construction; goods for use by private sector Cuban entrepreneurs and agricultural equipment.
US owned or controlled entities in third countries will be licensed to provide services to and engage in financial transactions with Cubans in third countries. Bank accounts of Cuban nationals living outside Cuba will be unblocked. Foreign ships will be allowed to enter the U.S. after engaging in certain humanitarian trade with Cuba.The 180 day rule:
bars all ships from the U.S. for 180 days after calling at Cuba. That regulation remains in place. The new regulations provide limited exceptions to this rule for (1) shipment of cargoes exported under Commerce Department authorization (including agricultural, medical, telecommunications and other permitted goods; (2) carriage of students, faculty and staff authorized to travel to Cuba; and, (3) ships engaged in the export or re-export agricultural commodities, medicine or medical devices to Cuba from a third country. All the exceptions must be licensed by OFAC.The Department of Commerce’s rules still do not permit ships to depart the U.S. for Cuba without an export license.
Members are encouraged to obtain legal advice to ensure their activities do not violate US Sanctions against Cuba.
For more information Members can contact Louise Livingston: telephone: +1 201 557 7407 email:firstname.lastname@example.org
White House Fact Sheet on these new policies can be viewed here: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/12/17/fact-sheet-charting-new-course-cuba
Amendments to Cuban Assets Control Regulations issued by the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Contro:https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2015/01/16/2015-00632/cuban-assets-control-regulations
Amendments to the Export Administration Regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Commercehttps://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2015/01/16/2015-00590/cuba-providing-support-for-the-cuban-peoplehttp://www.chaloslaw.com/major-changes-us-relationship-cuba.html
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U.S. Cuban Policy Update
On June 16, 2017 President Trump issued a Presidential Memorandum on Strengthening the Policy of the United States Toward Cuba. In a speech on that date to Cuban-Americans in Miami, President Trump stated that he was immediately cancelling the Obama Administration's "one-sided deal with Cuba". The question is whether this new policy will impact international shipping.
In October 2016 the U.S. Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC") announced further amendments to the Cuban Asset Control Regulations ("CACR"), which restrict the scope of the application of the "180 day rule," by permitting ships to carry a wider range of cargos to be imported to Cuba from third countries without their being subject to the '180 day rule'.