Samples and sampling in the carriage of liquid bulk cargoes - 2020
As there is a wide variety of liquid cargoes carried and many different types of ships involved, the subject of sampling is very wide. This article deals with the general principles of how to ascertain the apparent order and condition of liquid goods when they are shipped and, just as importantly, how to preserve the evidence.
The period of the carrier's responsibility for liquid bulk cargoes, under the Hague and Hague-Visby Rules, extends from the time when the cargo is loaded until the time it is discharged, including the loading and discharging operations. Under the Hamburg Rules, the carrier, his servants and agents are responsible for the cargo from the time the cargo is received by them at the load port until the time it has been delivered at the discharge port.
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