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The Electronic Trade Documents Act ("the Act") comes into force today in the United Kingdom, giving legal recognition in English law to electronic trade documents, including electronic bills of lading
The International Group (“IG”) Standard Form Letters of Indemnity (given in return for delivery of cargo without production of an original bill of lading and/or delivery of cargo at a port or place other than stated in the bill of lading) were last reviewed in 2010.
With cargo’s newfound ability to go well beyond the vessel and even the port, container lines face new liabilities. The intermodal capability means that containers transit on public highways and railroads, areas traditionally excluded from P&I cover. This new type of risk has given rise to the Through Transport Club (‘TT Club’), a specialised transport and logistics mutual covering risks complementing P&I cover. Both covers dovetail with one another through corresponding cover and exclusions during ocean transit.
Circular 02/23: War Risks P&I Excess Cover
Special War Risks P&I Excess Cover, And Bio-Chem Cover, And Us Terrorism Risk Insurance Act Of 2002, As Amended By The Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act Of 2019