Diseases transmitted to humans by mosquitoes have been growing over the last decades and now affect about half of the world's population, particularly in Africa, Asia and Latin America. In recent years, Brazil has recorded numerous outbreaks of mosquito-borne infectious diseases that are of significant concern to the health of seafarers and passengers with potential impact on the safe operation of vessels.
The Club's Correspondent, Vitsan, has issued a Circular to advise Members of amendments and new provisions in the Turkish Environmental Law for Marine Pollution Incidents, published in the Official Gazette on 15 June 2022.
Just two months after the Ocean Shipping Reform Act of 2022 was introduced into Congress (see our previous article here), the Federal Maritime Committee (FMC) Fact Finding Final Report #29, Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on the U.S
Great Lakes vessels trading is typically performed by dry bulk vessels that carry a variety of cargoes including ores, limestone, salt, cement, sand, grain, coal and gypsum. This article provides some insight into commercial shipping on the Great Lakes and some of what one might expect when transiting the area.