Hold Cleaning: the legal issues
The preparation of cargo holds for the next intended carriage is a critical operation which requires careful planning and execution; this article considers a number of legal issues which may arise, including terms commonly used in charterparties to describe the cleanliness of cargo holds, the consequences of failing to comply with such terms, potentially resulting in off-hire claims and damages, and the role of the independent surveyor.
This document considers an incident presented to the English High Court in 2002, in which the link between the passage plan and seaworthiness was not used for determining if the vessel was seaworthy, unlike that of the CMA CGM Libra in 2020.
This article examines the global environmental protection regulations for the ocean, the efforts and trends of the shipping industry in relation to the dumping of damaged cargo at sea, and Japan's response to these issues.
In November 2020, OCIMF (Oil Companies International Marine Forum) published "Recommendations on Usage of ECDIS and Preventing Incidents" regarding the use of ECDIS.
On September 18, 2020, the COVID-19 Prevention Guidelines for Operators of Oceangoing Passenger Ships (in Japan) were announced.
The International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage was adopted in March 2001.The Japanese Government deposited its instrument of accession for the Convention on 1st July 2020 and the condition for entry into force of the Convention will be met on 1st October 2020.
Passage planning and seaworthiness
Capt. Hiroshi Sekine, Senior Loss Prevention Executive examines the importance of good preparation and passage planning following the recent CMA CGM Libra grounding case.
Professor Susumu Akeno, formerly of Tokyo University of Marine Technology and Science discusses how effective Engine-room Resource Management (ERM) training improve the safety, reliability, and efficiency of ship operations.