Companies are taking advantage of sand dredging privileges authorised by the Vietnamese Government. At the end of 2009 the Vietnamese Government banned sand exports. In 2013 those regulations were loosened. The Government listed several enterprises allowed to export saline sand from river mouths and the sea, under certain conditions
The time bars are defined under Article 149 of the Civil Code 2015 (to become effective from 01 January 2017) that time bar means a time-limit provided by law where, upon its expiry, a legal consequence arises as prescribed by law.